In 1996 Carleton Gajdusek is charged with child molestation, after he has brought 56 mostly male children from his research trips to live with him in the United States. One of them has accused him. After 12 months in jail he moves to Europe, where he dies on 12. December of 2008.

Daniel Carleton Gajdusek is born to his parents Karl and Ottilia Gajdusek, who are immigrants from Slovakia and Hungary, in Yonkers, New York. He has a sister and a brother.

Carleton Gajdusek is along with Baruch S. Blumberg awarded the 1976 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their discoveries concerning new mechanisms for the origin and dissemination of infectious diseases.

Carleton Gajdusek does researches on a degeneration of the brain among members of the Fore tribe in Papua New Guinea and discovers that this illness called Kuru is caused by a slow virus, which is in turn caused by ritual cannibalism.

Moving to Australia In 1954 Carleton Gajdusek becomes visiting investigator at the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research in Melbourne. He works on immunology and virology, also initiates studies on child development and disease patterns with Australian aboriginal and Papua-New Guinean populations.

In 1951 Carleton Gajdusek is drafted into the Walter Reed Army Medical Service Graduate School as a research virologist. In 1952 and 1953 he works at the Institute Pasteur of Teheran on rabies, plague, arbovirus infections and scuvry in Iran, Afghanistan and Turkey. At this time he gets to know epidemiological problems in isolated and "exotic" populations. In 1952 he also works as a paediatrician in Boston and researches viruses, especially poliomyelitis, at Harvard.

In 1958 Carleton Gajdusek becomes researcher at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda. He´s also appointed the chief of the Central nervous system research laboratory at the Institute of Neurological Diseases in 1971.

Since his boyhood Carleton Gajdusek has the plan to study mathematics, physics and chemistry to aspire a medical career. So after working at the Boyce Thompson Laboratories in the summers of 1936 until 1939, where he´s doing very ambitious work, he enrolls at the University of Rochester. Studying physics, mathematics, chemistry and biology he graduates in 1943.

In 1980 Carleton Gajdusek confutes that Alzheimer´s disease is transmittable.

At the age of twenty-five and twenty-six Carleton Gajdusek does postdoctoral research at California Institute of Technology, where he works together with Linus Pauling, John Kirkwood, Max Delbrück and George Beadle.

Carleton Gajdusek continues studying at Harvard Medical School in 1943 and becomes Doctor of Medicine in 1946. In this time he works in a laboratory of protein physical chemistry and electrolyte balance at Boston Children´s Hospital.