He goes on to University College, London in 1963, where he earns his PhD in 1969. 

Since 1999 he has been a professor of mammalian genetics and the Director of the School of Biosciences at Cardiff University in Wales.

Martin J. Evans is born on the first day of 1941 in Stroud, United Kingdom.

In 2007, Martin Evans shares the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Mario Capecchi and Oliver Smithies, "for their discoveries of principles for introducing specific gene modifications in mice by the use of embryonic stem cells".

He attends school in Orpington. He has many interests, keeping aquaria, making pressed flower collections and spending days alone exploring nature. From an electric experimental set, he builds a tesla coil and other electric gadgets. With a chemistry set, he learns basic chemistry and spends time trying to perfect a rocket with different explosive mixtures.

By then he already works as a lecturer in anatomy and embryology.

He starts studying Zoology, Botany and Chemistry at Christ’s College, Cambridge, later dropping zoology and taking up biochemistry.

He moves on to the department of genetics at Cambridge University. In 1981, Evans is the first to cultivate embryonic stem cells of mice. Stem cells are a key component in tissue renewal, as they are capable of growing into different kinds of cell types, including skin, nerve or cardiac muscle.  He is also known for his work in the development of the “knockout mouse” and the related technology of gene targeting, a method of using embryonic stem cells to create specific gene modifications in mice.