Nikolay Basov becomes the head of the Quantum Radiophysics Laboratory at the Lebedev Physical Institute in 1989. He holds this position until his death in 2001.

Nikolay Basov becomes a postgraduate student at the Moscow Institute of Physical Engineers (MEPhl) from 1950 to 1953. He also works at the P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute (LPI) of the Academy of Science, where he gains his PhD in Physics in 1953.

Nikolay Basov is called for military service at Kuibyshev Military Medical Academy in 1941. He qualifies as a military doctor´s assistant in 1943 and leaves the Academy in 1943. The next two years he has to serve in the Red Army until December 1945.

Nikolay Basov is appointed Director of the Lebedev Physical Institute in 1973.

In 1958 Nikolay Basov becomes Deputy Director of the Lebedev Physical Institute. He works there till 1972.

Nikolay Gennadiyevich Basov is born to his parents Gennady Fedorovich Basov and Zinaida Andreevna Molchanova in Usman, Russia. His father works for the Voronezh Forest Institute and investigates the influence of forest belts on groundwater and surface drainage.

In 1961 Nikolay Basov, O.N. Krokhin and Yu.M. Popov are developing three methods to obtain of a negative temperature state in semiconductors in the presence of direct and indirect transitions: optical excitation, utilization of a beam of fast electrons and injection of carriers through a degenerated p-n junction. Since 1961 Basov starts researching powerful lasers. In 1964 Basov could make semiconductor lasers with electronic excitation and later with optical excitation.

In these years Nikolay Basov researches the dependence of the oscillator frequency on different parameters for a series of ammonia spectral lines and transition processes in molecular oscillators. He also designs an oscillator utilizing a beam of deuterium ammonia. In 1957 he starts designing and constructing quantum oscillators in the optical range. In 1958 he investigates the conditions for production of states with a negative temperature in semiconductors.

Nikolay Basov enrolls at the Institute of Physical Engineers at the Moscow State University and starts studying theoretical and experimental physics. He graduates there in 1950.

Nikolay Basov shares the 1964 Nobel Prize for Physics with Aleksandr M. Prokhorov for their fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle.

Nikolay Basov earns his Doctor of Science with a thesis about a Molecular Oscillator at the Lebedev Physical Institute in 1956.

Nikolay Basov dies on the 1st of July 2001 in Moscow.

Nikolay Basov starts working on optoelectronics and develops fast-operating logic elements on the basis of diode lasers in 1967. In 1968 he makes a proposal for a laser projection TV. His research group obtains the laser emission in the vacuum ultraviolet range in 1970. Basov also presents experimental evidence for the stimulation of chemical reactions by the infrared laser radiation in the end of 1970.

Nikolay Basov works as a teacher for solid-state physics at the Moscow Institute of Physical Engineers.

Nikolay Basov and the physicist Xenia Tikhonovna Nazarova get married in 1950. They have two sons, Gennady and Dmitry.

Nikolay Basov visits secondary school in Voronezh, where he graduates in 1941.