William Phillips (2008) - Cold Atomic Gases: the Intersection of Condensed Matter and Atomic Physics

William Phillips (2008)

Cold Atomic Gases: the Intersection of Condensed Matter and Atomic Physics

William Phillips (2008)

Cold Atomic Gases: the Intersection of Condensed Matter and Atomic Physics

Abstract

During the past decade laser cooling and evaporative cooling of atoms have produced quantum degenerate gases both of bosons (Bose-Einstein condensates) and of fermions (gases with temperatures below the Fermi temperature). Such gases can provide analogs to the behavior of condensed matter systems. A prominent example is that of atoms in optical lattices (periodic potentials created by light), which can simulate the motion of electrons in the periodic potential of a solid state crystal lattice. Such analog systems can exhibit behavior that is difficult to observe in solids and provide new insights into condensed matter phenomena.

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