Stanley Cohen's parents are unable to pay for a higher education after high school. However, Cohen is accepted at Brooklyn College, a school only relying on good references. There he gains his B.Sc. in Chemistry and Biology in 1943.
Stanley Cohen purifies a protein, which supports growth of skin cells and cornea, known as Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF). He also isolates the receptor of EGF, which is of high importance for cancer development. Additionally he´s able to identify the whole amino acid sequence of EGF in 1972.
Stanley Cohen leaves Washington and becomes Assistant Professor for Biochemistry at the Vanderbilt University in 1959. He becomes American Cancer Society Research Professor in 1976 and Professor Emeritus in 1986.
Along with Rita Levi-Montalcini, Stanley Cohen isolates a Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) in the early 1950´s. He extracts NGF from a mouse tumor in 1956 and discovers that the saliveryglands of male mice and finds evidence for NGFs in 1958.
Stanley Cohen and Rita Levi-Montalcini are awarded the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their discoveries of growth factors. Since his retirement Stanley Cohen lives in Nashville, Tennessee.
Stanley Cohen visits the James Madison High School in Brooklyn, where he studies science as well as music.
After his Bachelor's degree Stanley Cohen works in a milk plant to earn money to continue his education. Financed by this work and various fellowships, he gains his M.A. in Zoology at Oberlin College, Ohio, in 1945.
Stanley Cohen attends the University of Michigan. With his thesis about "The Nitrogenous Metabolism of the Earthworm" he receives his PhD in Biochemistry in 1948.
Stanley Cohen works as a postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Radiology at Washington University (1952-53), where he studies the carbon dioxide fixation in frog eggs and embryos under Arthur Kornberg. He´s then appointed as an Associate Professor under Viktor Hamburger at the Department of Zoology in 1953.
Stanley Cohen is born to his Jewish parents Fannie and Louis Cohen, who immigrated from Russia to America in the early 1900´s, in Brooklyn, New York.
Stanley Cohen is offered a job in the Pediatrics and Biochemistry Department of the University of Colorado. There he conducts research on metabolic functions of creatinin in premature infants.