Julius Axelrod and Sally Taub get married in 1938. They have two sons, Paul and Alfred.
Julius Axelrod, Ulf von Euler and Sir Bernard Katz are awarded the 1970 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their discoveries concerning the humoral transmitters in the nerve terminals and the mechanism for their storage, release and inactivation.
Julius Axelrod gets a position as a Chemist at the New York Department of Health and Mental Hygiene in 1935. He evaluates vitamin supplements and injures his left eye through an exploding ammonia bottle in the lab.
Julius Axelrod dies on 29. December 2004.
At the age of 43 Julius Axelrod gains his PhD from the George Washington University. He returns to the NIH, where he works until his death in 2004.
Julius Axelrod becomes Associate Chemist at National Institute of Health in 1949, Chemist in 1950 and Senior Chemist in 1953. He researches the sympathetic nervous system and its neurotransmitters, epinephrine and norepiphrine. Furthermore he works on codeine, morphine, methamphetamine and ephedrine and conducts pioneering research on LSD.
Julius Axelrod becomes Laboratory Assistant at the Department of Bacteriology of New York University Medical School.
During the time at the Hygiene Laboratory Julius Axelrod enrolls in night courses at the New York University, where he receives his Master in Chemistry in 1941.
In 1957 Julius Axelrod discovers that neurotransmitters are recaptured by the pre-synaptic nerve ending and don´t stop working after their release into the synapse. This discovery is the groundwork for research on serotonin reuptake inhibitors. In 1958 he discovers the enzyme catechol-O-methyl transferase.
From 1929 to 1930 Julius Axelrod studies at the New York University, but then has to change to the City College of New York because of money issues. He gains his Bachelors degree in Biology in 1933.
Julius Axelrod visits Seward Park High School in New York, where he graduates in 1929.
Together with his mentor Bernard Brodie Julie Axelrod researches on analgesics and how they work. They discover that the main ingredient of non-aspirin analgesics, acetanilide, is responsible and one of the metabolites is an analgesic. They establish acetaminophen (paracetamol) as a painkiller.
Julius Axelrod is born to Jewish immigrants in New York City. His parents Isadore, a basket weaver, and Molly (née Leichtling) Axelrod came from Poland to the United States.
Julius Axelrod becomes Research Associate under Bernard Brodie at Goldwater Memorial Hospital .